Safety Information

Travel Safety Information for Nepal: A Comprehensive Guide

Nepal, with its breathtaking landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and welcoming locals, is a popular destination for travelers seeking adventure and spiritual exploration. While Nepal is generally considered safe for tourists, it’s essential to be aware of potential risks and take necessary precautions to ensure a safe and enjoyable journey. This comprehensive guide provides in-depth information on various aspects of travel safety in Nepal.

1. Health and Altitude Considerations:

Altitude Sickness:

Nepal is home to some of the world’s highest peaks, attracting trekkers and mountaineers. However, the risk of altitude sickness, or acute mountain sickness (AMS), is a concern in high-altitude regions. Symptoms include headache, nausea, and fatigue. To minimize the risk:

  • Acclimatize gradually by ascending slowly.
  • Stay hydrated; drink plenty of water.
  • Recognize the signs of AMS and descend if symptoms persist.


Consult with your healthcare provider well in advance of your trip to ensure you have the necessary vaccinations. Common recommendations include vaccinations for Hepatitis A and B, typhoid, and Japanese encephalitis.

2. Weather Considerations:

Nepal experiences diverse weather patterns, with distinct seasons affecting different regions.

Monsoon Season:

The monsoon season (June to August) brings heavy rainfall, leading to landslides and difficult trekking conditions. Travelers should exercise caution during this period, especially in hilly and mountainous regions.

3. Trekking Safety:

Trekking is a popular activity in Nepal, offering stunning views of the Himalayas. Ensuring your safety during treks involves careful planning and adherence to safety guidelines.

Licensed Guides:

Hire a licensed guide for trekking. Experienced guides are familiar with the terrain, can navigate potential hazards, and provide valuable insights into local culture.


Obtain the necessary permits for trekking in specific regions. These permits help authorities track trekkers and ensure their safety.

Itinerary and Communication:

Share your trekking itinerary with a reliable contact. This ensures someone knows your whereabouts and can raise the alarm if needed. Carry a satellite phone or communication device in remote areas.

First Aid:

Carry a comprehensive first aid kit, including any personal medications. Basic medical facilities may be limited in remote trekking areas.

4. Local Customs and Respect:

Respecting local customs and traditions is crucial for a positive travel experience in Nepal.

Dress Modestly:

In conservative and religious areas, dress modestly. Cover your shoulders and knees, especially when visiting temples and religious sites.

Photography Etiquette:

Ask for permission before taking photographs, especially of individuals. In some areas, photography may be culturally sensitive, and locals may prefer not to be photographed.

5. Transportation Safety:

Nepal’s diverse topography presents challenges for transportation. Travelers should prioritize safety when using various modes of transportation.

Reputable Providers:

Choose reputable transportation providers for buses, taxis, and domestic flights. Check reviews and recommendations from fellow travelers.

Mountain Roads:

Exercise caution on mountain roads, as they can be narrow and winding. Follow safety guidelines, and be aware of potential hazards.

6. Food and Water Safety:

Maintaining proper hygiene and being cautious about food and water sources are essential to prevent foodborne illnesses.


Consume only bottled or treated water. Avoid ice in drinks unless it’s made from purified water. Carry water purification tablets in case bottled water is unavailable.

Street Food:

While street food is a delightful aspect of Nepalese cuisine, choose vendors with clean and hygienic practices to reduce the risk of foodborne illnesses.

7. Cultural Sensitivity:

Understanding and respecting local culture is fundamental to a positive travel experience.

Religious Sites:

Respect religious sites and practices. Remove your shoes before entering temples and monasteries, and follow any specific rules outlined at each site.

Public Displays of Affection:

Public displays of affection may be culturally inappropriate in some areas. Be mindful of local customs and adjust your behavior accordingly.

8. Emergency Contacts:

Being prepared for emergencies is crucial for your safety. Save important contact numbers and information.

01. Police (Emergency) 100

02. Tourist Police (Bhrikuti Mandap) 01 4226359/4226403

03. Nepal Tourism Board 01 4256909/4256229

04. Department of Immigration 01 4223509/4222453

05. Ambulance, Bishal Bazaar 01 4244121

06. Ambulance Nepal Chamber 01 4230213/4222890

07. Ambulance, Paropakar 01 4251614/4260869

08. Ambulance, Red Cross 01 4228094

09. Ambulance, Bhagawan Mahavir Jain Niketan 01 4418619/4422280

10. Bir Hospital 01 4226963

11. Patan Hospital (Lagankhel) 01 5522278/5522266

12. Teaching Hospital (Maharajgunj) 01 4412707/4412505/4412808

Emergency Services:

Save local emergency service numbers, such as the tourist police, ambulance, and fire department, in your phone.

Embassy and Consulate:

Keep the contact information for your country’s embassy or consulate in Nepal. They can provide assistance in case of emergencies.

Medical Facilities:

Know the location of the nearest hospitals and medical facilities, especially if you are traveling to remote areas.

9. Money and Valuables:

Protecting your belongings is vital to ensure a hassle-free trip.

Money Belt:

Use a money belt or neck pouch to carry important documents, such as your passport, and valuables. Avoid displaying large amounts of cash in public.

Currency Exchange:

Use reputable currency exchange services. Be cautious of scams and verify exchange rates to avoid financial issues.

10. Natural Disasters:

Nepal is prone to earthquakes, and travelers should be aware of safety measures in the event of a seismic event.

Earthquake Preparedness:

Familiarize yourself with evacuation routes and emergency procedures at your accommodation. Stay informed about the seismic activity in the region.


Nepal, with its diverse landscapes and vibrant culture, offers a unique and enriching travel experience. By prioritizing safety, being mindful of local customs, and staying informed, travelers can ensure a memorable and secure journey through this beautiful country. Always stay updated on travel advisories and follow the guidance of local authorities for a smooth and enjoyable adventure in Nepal.